December 5, 2022

Hankering for History

Hanker: To have a strong, often restless desire, in this case for–you guessed it–history!

The History of Fishing

5 min read
history of fishing

Since the dawn of human history, fishing has been a popular pastime. Early humans used primitive tools to catch fish, and over time, the techniques and technology involved in fishing have evolved dramatically. Today, fishing is a recreational sport enjoyed by people all around the world. In this article, we will take a closer look at the history of fishing and how it has changed over the years.

Fishing in Ancient Times

The origins of fishing can be traced back to prehistoric times, when early humans used primitive tools to catch fish. One of the earliest known examples of fishing is a carved bone from Japan that dates back to between 27,000 and 29,000 BC. This bone was discovered in 1957 and depicts a man using a rod and line to catch a fish. People have been fishing for thousands of years. Archaeologists have discovered written records from ancient cultures throughout the world, including those in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Egyptians were depicted fishing and cooking fish in tomb carvings and papyrus scrolls. Nile perch, catfish, and eels were all caught using woven nets, harpoons, and hooks

Fishing imagery and words were written by Ancient Greeks and Romans on mosaics, vase paintings, and paper. Ancient Macedonia had fishermen using artificial lures not dissimilar to what we use today. China’s livelihood was often credited to fishing, with silk lines and bamboo rods allowing their people to catch fish to eat. And in North America, Native Americans not only used a spear to catch fish but also used wooden hooks.

Fishing Technology from the 1600s to Modern Times

After ancient times, fishing tackle saw an improvement starting in the 1600s when a wired loop was attached the a rod, letting the line run—making casting easier. As this technique became more ubiquitous, fishing reels were developed, helping fishermen further hone in their craft. Charles Kirby revolutionized the design and manufacture of fish hooks, with his development of split-shaft rods. Split-shaft rods were designed in sections to be easily taken apart and transported from one location to the next, gut string line was invented, and fish hooks were improved.

In the late 1800s, rods were strengthened and thinner by gluing together numerous strips of bamboo. The use of silk line that had been applied with coats of oxidized linseed oil allowed for greater casts. From about 1900, fishing rods were constructed of fiberglass. Spin casting reels became more popular, and the quality of fishing reels improved. In the 1930s, nylon monofilament was created, and in the mid-1940s braided and synthetic lines were mass-produced. Carbon fiber began to be used in rods in the late 1960s, allowing them to be stronger, shorter, and lighter. For artificial casting lures, plastics began to take the place of wood.

What Recreational Fishing Looks like Today

Modern day commercial fishermen use sonar, GPS, and satellite imaging to find fish. They also use large nets and trawls that can scoop up entire schools of fish. Recreational fisherman, on the other hand, use smaller nets and hooks as well as various lures to attract their prey. You don’t need to be a professional to enjoy fishing, all you need is some patience and the right gear.

Technology has continued to improve with the previously mentioned imaging to help catch fish. Fish finders use sonar and GPS navigation to help fishermen with catch success. There are few, if any, better ways to utilize technology when it comes to fishing than to use GPS technologies to find out where fish are hiding. Fish finders that are equipped with GPS can communicate with your smartphone. You may now keep an eye on the schools of fish as they swim through the sea.

Smart fishing rods are a new innovation that helps with bite detection, notifying the user when a fish bites. There are also apps that can be used to help with knot tying, fish identification, and weather conditions. Recreational fishing now has a plethora of tech gadgets and gear no matter what someone is fishing for. 

The Problem of Overfishing

We can’t talk about the history and popularity of fishing without discussing a major environmental issue that overfishing has caused. The use of features such as GPS, fish finders, echo-sounders or acoustical cameras has resulted in a two percent annual rise in boats’ capacity to catch fish, according to research by The Sea Around Us. This has sparked a movement among recreational fisherman to only keep what they will eat and to release the rest back into the wild.

There is also a push for more sustainable fishing practices, such as using nets that allow smaller fish to escape and using hooks that will dissolve after being ingested by a fish so that they can be easily released.  Some experts believe that we will see a move towards more sustainable practices—such as catch and release or using circle hooks instead of J-hooks —in order to preserve the dwindling population.

Compared to ancient fishing techniques, modern fishing methods have resulted in unsustainable fishing and overfishing. The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization warns that if we don’t change the way we fish, there could be dire consequences for the entire world.  In spite of these warnings, the fishing industry continues to use destructive methods like bottom trawling and blast fishing. These practices not only result in the death of millions of fish each year, they also destroy coral reefs and other marine habitats.

Fishing Has Been a Part of Human History for Thousands of Years

Fishing is an ancient practice that has been a part of human history for thousands of years. It is thought to have originated as a means of survival, but quickly turned into a recreational activity as well. Fishing has come a long way since its humble beginnings as a means of survival—it’s now enjoyed by people of all ages. It’s a long-standing tradition that people have enjoyed for centuries, and with the help of modern technology, it’s only getting better. Who knows what the future of fishing will hold?

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