Today in History, June 28th

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A few of the great historical events that happened today in history, June 28th!

1635 The French colony of Guadeloupe is established in the Caribbean.
1675 Frederick William of Brandenburg crushes the Swedes.
1709 Russians defeat the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava.
1776 Colonists repulse a British sea attack on Charleston, South Carolina.
1778 Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carries water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth.molly-pitcher-at-the-cannon
1836 James Madison, the fourth president of the United States, died in Montpelier, Va., at age 85.
1838 Britain’s Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1839 Cinque and other Africans are kidnapped and sold into slavery in Cuba.
1862 Fighting continues between Union and Confederate forces during the Seven Days’ campaign.
1863 General Meade replaces General Hooker three days before the Battle of Gettysburg.
1874 The Freedmen’s Bank, created to assist former slaves in the United States, closes. Customers of the bank lose $3 million.
1894 Labor Day was established as a holiday for federal employees.
1902 Congress passes the Spooner bill, authorizing a canal to be built across the isthmus of Panama.
1911 Samuel J. Battle becomes the first African-American policeman in New York City.
1914 Austria’s Archduke Francis Ferdinand is assassinated at Sarajevo, Serbia.
1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending World War I.
1919 Harry S. Truman married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace in Independence, Mo.
1921 A coal strike in Britain is settled after three months.
1930 More than 1,000 communists are routed during an assault on the British consulate in London.
1938 Congress creates the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure construction loans.
1942 German troops launch an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.
1945 General Douglas MacArthur announces the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.Douglas-MacArthur
1949 The last U.S. combat troops are called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.
1950 General Douglas MacArthur arrives in South Korea as Seoul falls to the North.
1954 French troops begin to pull out of Vietnam’s Tonkin province.
1964 Malcolm X founds the Organization for Afro-American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.
1967 14 people are shot during race riots in Buffalo, New York.
1967 Israel declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the Six-Day War.
1967 Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, was named a cardinal.
1970 Muhammed Ali [Cassius Clay] stands before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War.
1972 Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.
1976 The first women enter the U.S. Air Force Academy.
1997 Mike Tyson was disqualified for biting Evander Holyfield’s ear during their WBA heavyweight title fight in Las Vegas.
2000 The Supreme Court ruled the Boy Scouts can bar homosexuals from serving as troop leaders.
2001 Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic was handed over by Serbia to the U.N. war crimes tribunal.Slobodan-Milosevic
2004 The U.S.-led coalition transferred sovereignty to the interim Iraqi government two days ahead of schedule.
2004 The Supreme Court ruled that enemy combatants can challenge their detention in U.S. courts.
2007 The American bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list.
2010 Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., the longest-serving senator in the nation’s history, died in Fairfax, Va., at 92.
2010 The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Americans have the right to own a gun for self-defense anywhere they live.

Today in History facts are from various sites including, but not limited too: the History Channel, The New York Times, WHG Historynet.com, and HistoryOrb.com.

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