Today in History, January 1st

By | January 1, 2014
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HAPPY NEW YEAR!

A few of the great historical events that happened today in history, January 1st!

1500 The Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral searches the coast of Brazil and claims the region for Portugal.
1586 Sir Francis Drake launches a surprise attack on the heavily fortified city of Santo Domingo in Hipanola.
1698 The Abenaki Indians and Massachusetts colonists sign a treaty halting hostilities between the two.
1766 The Old Pretender, son of James III, dies.
1788 The Times, London’s oldest running newspaper, publishes its first edition.
1808 A U.S. law banning the import of slaves comes into effect, but is widely ignored.
1824 The Camp Street Theatre opens as the first English-language playhouse in New Orleans.
1830 William Lloyd Garrison publishes the first edition of a journal entitled The Liberator, calling for the complete and immediate emancipation of all slaves in the United States.

William-Lloyd-Garrison

William Lloyd Garrison

1863 Confederate General Braxton Bragg and Union General William Rosecrans readjust their troops as the Battle of Murfreesboro continues.
1863 President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing the slaves in the Confederacy.
1892 The Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York opened.
1898 New York City was consolidated into five buroughs.
1901 The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed.
1907 The Pure Food and Drug Act becomes law in the United States.
1915 The German submarine U-24 sinks the British battleship Formidable in the English Channel.
1918 The first gasoline pipeline begins operation. Along the 40 miles and three inches of pipe from Salt Creek to Casper, Wyoming.
1919 J.D. Salinger, author of “The Catcher in the Rye,” was born in New York City.
1923 Sadi Lecointe sets a new aviation speed record flying an average of 208 mph at Istres.
1937 At a party at the Hormel Mansion in Minnesota, a guest wins $100 for naming a new canned meat–Spam.
1945 In Operation Bodenplatte, German planes attack American forward air bases in Europe. This is the last major offensive of the Luftwaffe.
1953 Country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, died of a drug and alcohol overdose.

Hank-Williams-Sr

Hank Williams Sr

1958 Treaties establishing the European Economic Community went into effect.
1959 Fidel Castro seizes power in Cuba as General Fulgencio Batista flees.
1979 The United States and China established diplomatic relations.
1984 AT&T was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an antitrust agreement.
1986 As the United States builds its strength in the Mediterranean, Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi threatens to retaliate if attacked.
1990 David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City’s first African-American mayor.
1993 Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect.
1999 The euro became the official currency of 11 European countries.
2012 Oprah Winfrey launched the OWN cable TV network.  o-w-n

Today in history facts are from various sites including, but not limited too: the History Channel, The New York Times, WHG Historynet.com, and HistoryOrb.com.

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