Today in History, December 7th

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A few of the great historical events that happened today in history, December 7th!

43 BC Cicero, considered one of the greatest sons of Rome, is assassinated on the orders of Marcus Antonius.

Bust of Marcus Licinius Crassus (c.115-53 BC)
Bust of Marcus Licinius Crassus (c.115-53 BC)
983 Otto III takes the throne after his father’s death in Italy. A power struggle between magnates ensues.
1787 Delaware became the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1796 Electors chose John Adams to be the second president of the United States.
1808 James Madison is elected president in succession of Thomas Jefferson.
1836 Martin Van Buren was elected the eighth president of the United States.

President Martin Van Buren
President Martin Van Buren
1842 The New York Philharmonic gave its first concert.
1861 USS Santiago de Cuba, under Commander Daniel B. Ridgely, halts the British schoonerEugenia Smith and captures J.W. Zacharie, a New Orleans merchant and Confederate purchasing agent.
1862 Confederate forces surprise an equal number of Union troops at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.
1863 Outlaw George Ives, an alleged member of an outlaw gang known as the “Innocents,” robs and then kills Nick Thiebalt in the Ruby Valley of what would become Montana.
1917 The United States declares war on Austria-Hungary with only one dissenting vote in Congress.
1918 Spartacists call for a German revolution. spartacists
1931 A report indicates that Nazis would ensure “Nordic dominance” by sterilizing certain races.
1941 Japanese planes raid Pearl Harbor in a surprise attack.
1942 The U.S. Navy launches USS New Jersey, the largest battleship ever built.
1946 The president of the United Mine Workers, John L. Lewis, orders all striking miners back to work.
1949 The A.F.L. and the C.I.O. organize a non-Communist international trade union.
1963 Videotaped instant replay was used for the first time in a live sports telecast during the Army-Navy football game on CBS.
1970 Poland and West Germany sign a pact renouncing the use of force to settle disputes, recognizing the Oder-Neisse River as Poland’s western frontier, and acknowledging the transfer to Poland of 40,000 square miles of former German territory.
1972 The crew of Apollo 17, the last manned mission to the moon, lifts off at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
1981 The Reagan Administration predicts a record deficit in 1982 of $109 billion.
1982 A U.S. prisoner was executed by injection for the first time, in Huntsville, Texas.

Charlie Brooks Jr
Charlie Brooks Jr
1985 Retired Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart died at age 70.
1988 An earthquake in Armenia kills an estimated 100,000 people.
1993 A gunman opened fire on a Long Island Rail Road commuter train, killing six people and wounding 17. (Colin Ferguson was later sentenced to a minimum of 200 years in prison.)
1995 A 746-pound probe from the Galileo spacecraft hurtled into Jupiter’s atmosphere, sending back data to the mothership before it was destroyed.
2001 Taliban forces abandoned their last bastion in Afghanistan, fleeing the southern city of Kandahar.
2002 Iraq denied it had weapons of mass destruction in a declaration to the United Nations.
2004 Hamid Karzai was sworn in as Afghanistan’s first popularly elected president.

Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
2007 Baseball home run king Barry Bonds pleaded not guilty in San Francisco to charges he’d lied to federal investigators about using performance-enhancing drugs.

Today in history facts are from various sites including, but not limited too: the History Channel, The New York Times, WHG Historynet.com, HistoryOrb.com, and On This Day blogs from my blogroll.

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