Category Archives: Rights

Labor Exploitations and the Creation of Protections

The Industrial Revolution in the United States started in earnest after the Embargo of 1807 (on British and French products) and the War of 1812, when American manufacturers began developing their own products. The revolution lasted 50 years (1820-1870). In that span of time, inventions such as Elias Howe’s sewing machine and Samuel Morse’s telegraph were developed. River and road transportation made traveling easier while steam and electricity sped up… Read More »

New York’s Stonewall Riots: Catalyst for Change

The 1960s was the era of social movements. The African American Civil Rights movement was in full swing, as were the anti-Vietnam war demonstrations. However, the LGBTQ community still remained largely underground, since the legal system was anti-gay and society remained blind to the cause. The turning of the tide was in 1969, as the Stonewall Riots took the nation by storm. As the first establishment where gay men could openly dance with… Read More »

The Women Who Infiltrated the Boston Marathon

With the inception of the modern Olympic games, which occurred in 1896, in Athens, Greece, the overseers of the games wanted to ensure that there was an event that would pay proper homage to the ancient glory of Greece. The event chosen by the International Olympic Committee was the marathon. The marathon was such a successful event that America wanted to hold their own annual event. This was the birth of the longest-running,… Read More »

Martin Luther King, Jr. the Historian (Reflections on “Letter from Birmingham Jail”)

In reading Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” I could not help but sit in awe as I read his lengthy letter written from inside a jail cell. This letter, written in response to “A Call for Unity,” an article written by eight, white, Alabama clergymen, was to serve as a response to those who believed that King acted inappropriately for coming to Birmingham, Alabama, as an… Read More »

Hoxie, Arkansas, the Little Rock Nine, and the Media

Watching the documentaries Hoxie: The First Stand and Eyes on the Prize, I could not help but notice several similarities and differences in both areas’ attempts at integrating schools. As both Arkansas schools attempted integration in the classrooms, outside agitators brought conflict to an already tense setting. Both the town of Hoxie and the Little Rock Nine were greatly impacted by the media; however, one negatively and one positively. In… Read More »

Montgomery Improvement Association

From the inception of the Montgomery bus boycott, various individuals and organizations worked together to ensure the success of the bus boycott. The organization that had the most profound impact on the movement was the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA). Ironically, the MIA would come to fruition due to the Montgomery bus boycott. On December 5, 1955, ninety percent of the city’s blacks boycotted the buses. Having seen the boycott as… Read More »